Analysis of social gaps

How great is inequality in Estonia and how is it divided? As part of the analysis, 11 person profiles were created to depict social gaps and inequality in Estonia. The profiles included a person’s household type, number of children in the household, as well as age, sex, education, ethnic nationality, place of residence, disability and its degree, income, employment, benefits received, distance between place of residence and place of work, health status and satisfaction with life.

In addition, we took into account the accessibility of pharmacies, hobby schools etc. near the person’s home. We focused primarily on gaps resulting from co-existing risk factors.

Interesting fact: The unemployment rate is highest in Ida-Viru and Valga counties. At the same time, the profile of an unemployed person in these two counties is quite different as for ethnic nationality, education as well as age. Whereas in both counties, unemployment is highest for persons close to retirement age, in Valga county, there is also a relatively large number of younger unemployed persons. Ida-Viru county also stands out with the fact that the share of people with a low level of education among the unemployed is smallest: an unemployed person might not find work there even if he or she has the necessary education.

Commissioned by:

Government Office

Data sources: 

Estonian Social Survey, Estonian Labour Force Survey, population register, data of the Social Insurance Board, Unemployment Insurance Fund, Tax and Customs Board, employment register, Statistics Estonia’s statistical database, web scraping data on cultural events, activity licenses register of the Agency of Medicines, Estonian sports register 


Kadri Rootalu, Kadri Raid, Märt Leesment, Kaja Sõstra