Transport

The world is interconnected through transport. The sector ensures that bananas from Costa Rica reach our tables or that wooden furniture from Estonia finds a place in Finnish or Swedish homes. A great transport system is an important component of the modern living and business environment.

Transport is divided into land transport (i.e. road and rail), water transport and air transport. Together these modes influence almost all economic activities, including the service sector. The developments and demand of these, in turn, have an impact on the health of the transportation sector. Both local and international economic situation play a role.

Statistics Estonia publishes the following data on transport:

  • number of passengers carried by road, rail, sea and air transport, and freight volumes;
  • data on transport infrastructure;
  • registered vehicles and accidents;
  • economic indicators of transport enterprises.

Well-functioning transport networks promote local business and, more generally, the competitiveness of the economy. Transport indicators help to contribute to faster and more convenient modes of movement, to people and goods reaching destinations safely and without interruption, to quality of roads and environmental sustainability.

Persons killed in road traffic accidents 59
18.0%
ASCENDING TOTAL 2023
Freight transport by road 6.47 million tonnes
-21.0%
4TH QUARTER 2023
Bus passengers on domestic and international lines 39.93 million
-0.77%
Q1 2024
Passengers carried by rail 675 thousand
0.7%
APRIL 2024
Freight transport by rail 0.59 million tonnes
-6.8%
APRIL 2024
Passenger cars registered in the traffic register 865,764
1.9%
2023
First registrations of passenger cars 1,911
-16.9%
MAY 2024
Goods transported through ports 5.20 million tonnes
0.5%
4TH QUARTER 2023
Number of arrived passengers in Tallinn Airport 369,128
-10.5%
4TH QUARTER 2023
International passenger transport through ports | 2nd quarter 2022 – 4th quarter 2023
Transport of goods by railway | 2nd quarter 2022 – 1st quarter 2024
Passenger transport by bus | 2nd quarter 2022 – 1st quarter 2024
Passenger transport of transport enterprises by type of transport | 1st quarter 2023 – 4th quarter 2024
Unit: thousand
1st quarter 2023 2nd quarter 2023 3rd quarter 2023 4th quarter 2023 1st quarter 2024 2nd quarter 2024 3rd quarter 2024 4th quarter 2024
Total 45,455 51,832 48,972 52,082 50,934 .. .. ..
Land transport 44,259 49,670 46,173 50,367 49,520 .. .. ..
Sea transport 1,111 1,836 2,290 1,451 1,222 .. .. ..
Inland waterways transport 1 12 30 1 1 .. .. ..
Air transport 85 314 479 263 192 .. .. ..

Traffic accidents with casualties on the roads | 2019 – 2023
2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Traffic accidents 1,406 1,368 1,568 1,700 1,725
Traffic accidents with fatalities 51 56 40 47 52
Traffic accidents with the participation of drunk drivers 139 132 133 134 119
Traffic accidents with fatalities with the participation of drunk drivers 13 12 16 13 14
Persons killed 52 60 55 50 59
Persons injured 1,733 1,577 1,768 1,920 1,943

Revenue of transport enterprises by type of transport (quarters) | 2nd quarter 2022 – 1st quarter 2024
Unit: million euros
2nd quarter 2022 3rd quarter 2022 4th quarter 2022 1st quarter 2023 2nd quarter 2023 3rd quarter 2023 4th quarter 2023 1st quarter 2024
Transport total 585.31 597.16 551.17 470.68 555.76 587.26 536.28 477.78
Road 470.56 462.30 447.83 380.27 395.48 394.28 372.86 357.35
Railways 8.62 8.07 7.51 6.05 7.06 6.76 4.86 5.62
Water transport 50.12 62.56 47.37 45.77 57.51 62.91 49.62 47.81
Air transport 56.01 64.23 48.46 38.59 95.71 123.32 108.94 66.99